Association between physical fitness and body composition with blood pressure in night school students in Brazil

Vanilson Batista Lemes, Caroline Brand, Leonardo Alexis Morales Bernal, Camila Felin Fochesatto, Arieli Fernandes Dias, Anelise Reis Gaya, Adroaldo Reis Gaya

Submited: 2023-11-16 18:27:18 | Published: 2024-01-01 10:39:45

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5027/jmh-Vol21-Issue1(2024)art211

Aim: To compare levels of physical fitness and body composition according to the cardiovascular risk group in blood pressure for each gender among evening students. Methods: The sample consisted of 186 students (121 males) attending a night school in southern Brazil, aged between 15 and 30 years (mean:17.51 ± 3.62 years in males and 17.74 ± 2.71 years in females), without a diagnosis of hypertension and no limitations for performing physical fitness tests. Data on strength were collected through the sit-up test, and VO2max was estimated through the six-minute walk/run test, for both cases following the PROESP-Br protocol. Body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, waist-to-height ratio, and hip circumference were also assessed. Systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) were evaluated using the Korotkoff technique. Results: There are significant interactions and differences between gender and risk categories, mainly for blood pressure profiles to SBP (effect R2 =0.465; p=0.001) and DBP (effect R2=0.243; p=0.001). Participants with higher physical fitness exhibit better blood pressure. In the risk group, men showed a difference of 7.71 kg compared to the healthy risk group, while in women, the difference was 27.59 kg. Conclusion: The level of physical fitness and body composition are associated with cardiovascular risk in blood pressure according to the risk group.


Batista Lemes V, Brand C, Morales Bernal L, Felin Fochesatto C, Fernandes Dias A, Reis Gaya A, Reis Gaya A. Association between physical fitness and body composition with blood pressure in night school students in Brazil. Journ. M. Health. 2024;21(1). Disponible en: doi:10.5027/jmh-Vol21-Issue1(2024)art211 [Accessed 16 jun. 2024].
Batista Lemes, V., Brand, C., Morales Bernal, L., Felin Fochesatto, C., Fernandes Dias, A., Reis Gaya, A., & Reis Gaya, A. (2024). Association between physical fitness and body composition with blood pressure in night school students in Brazil. Journal of Movement & Health, 21(1). doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.5027/jmh-Vol21-Issue1(2024)art211

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